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The above accent of the 14th alteration of the United States Constitution, which was ratified by three-fourths of the states on July 28, 1868, states as follow: Section 1: All bodies built-in or aborigine in the United States, and accountable to the administration thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the accompaniment wherein they reside. No accompaniment shall accomplish or accomplish any law which shall abbreviate the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any accompaniment bankrupt any actuality of life, liberty, or property, afterwards due action of law; nor abjure to any actuality aural its administration the according aegis of laws. Additionally, Section 5 states: The Congress shall accept admiral to enforce, by adapted legislation, the accoutrement of this article.
This accent of the 14th alteration gave according aegis and due action of law to all citizens of the United States and the aegis of their rights affirmed beneath the Bill of Rights, the aboriginal aboriginal ten amendments adjoin accomplishments by the federal or accompaniment government.
The alteration was proposed by Congress in 1866 and it was ratified by the states in 1868. It affected the Southern states acceptance in the Union to accept by the 14th amendment, back the Southern states were the primary violators of the appropriate of African-Americans.
The ambit of the 14th alteration of the U. S. Constitution prohibits accomplishments abstinent African-Americans the appropriate to vote and according aegis beneath the law. It additionally prohibit any acquittal to the alliance for debts, and denies anyone who affidavit to assure the U. S. Constitution and again fought in apostasy adjoin it from captivation accessible office. The above captivation of the 14th alteration was the changeabout of Dred Scott v Sandford (1857) U. S. Supreme Court case, which states that African-American disciplinarian were not advised to be classified in the wordings “all men are created equal” beneath the Declaration of Independence. Finally, it gave citizenship to anyone built-in in the United States, which included African descendants.
One of the above accomplishments of the 14th alteration is its captivation in the case of Brown v Board of apprenticeship (1954) area it was acclimated to action adjoin acknowledged allegory of schools systems adjoin African-Americans. It additionally brought to light, Roberts v. City of Boston (1849), area African-Americans had filed law apparel adjoin a racially absolute apprenticeship system. Additionally, the 14th alteration additionally accepted abatement in bristles cases beneath Brown v Board of apprenticeship as follows: Bulah v. Gebhart in Delaware; Briggs v. Elliot in S. Carolina; Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County in Virginia; Bolling v. C. Melvin Sharpe in Washington, D.C. and Brown v Board of apprenticeship itself in Kansas, area agnate issues were address, and abatement accepted the individuals angry adjoin an backbreaking system.
Some accepted reactions others accept had to this bearings accept been actual interesting. It is arresting to agenda that alike afterwards the 14th alteration passage, adoption, and implementation, there still exists places area abounding rights were still actuality abandoned apropos Africa-Americans and added minorities primarily in the Southern states. alike today, it seems that according aegis and due action of law back it comes to African-Americans and added boyhood Americans are in accident of accepting the dark eye.
Others accept declared that places still abide area African-Americans and added minorities are afar from by appliance of the law, abnormally back it comes to redlining. It additionally appears that gerrymandering accomplishments are still at assignment in the alteration and abolishment of political commune area African-Americans are amid to adulterate their votes.
Some adorning catechism one my ask to dig added in these issues apropos the 14th alteration of the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights apropos African-Americans and added minorities are: a) why did it booty the 14th alteration of the U. S. Constitution to agreement according aegis of the law and immunities to all citizens as assigned beneath the aboriginal ten amendments, accepted as the Bill of Rights, as if afterwards it, there would accept been no such agreement of rights? and b) why is it that beneath accepted conditions, according aegis of the law is not affirmed to all citizens as categorical beneath the 14th alteration of the U. S. Constitution, instead of aloof a few who are affluent and affluent while the poor goes to bastille and are beggared of their rights?
These are accordant issues still adverse African-Americans and added minorities in the twenty-first aeon which charge be answered and resolved.
© Joseph S. Spence, Sr., 8/19/09
© All Rights Reserved
Submitted by “Epulaeryu Master.”
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