Emerging prosperous from World War Ii five years earlier, the United States in 1950 was reaping the benefits of a growing cheaper – benefits that were well derived out of the country’s participation in the War. The destruction and mayhem brought by the global disagreement also brought with it some inescapable contributions to the economy. Some would even argue that the country’s participation in World War Ii well saved it from the Great Depression.
To understand the economic boom of the 1950s it is critical to appreciate the inescapable impacts that were borne out of World War Ii. The foundation for the economic expansion and growth experienced in 1950 and some years after that were laid during World War Ii.
To fund and keep the country’s war time efforts, it had to recruit millions of American soldiers to be sent to the war front as well as to be stationed at home. Factories had to be built to furnish war materiel – guns and ammunitions, troops transport, tanks, fighter planes and bombers, etc. To man the factories women and older habitancy had to be recruited as most of the able-bodied men were at war. Wwii created jobs and gave life to many industries and energized a nation. Among the industries that prospered during and immediately after the war were the newspaper industry, the agriculture industry and even Hollywood. Industries that produced transport and plant machineries also prospered. Throughout the War, women, for the first time, were given the chance to work outside their homes and share in nation building. The participation of the women in the labor force started to growth during this time.
The War also in case,granted opportunities that would later be manifested in the 1950s. Take for example many of America’s products went overseas – introducing themselves to new markets.
Many had well feared that the end of the War would lead the country back to depression. With yield of troops supplies coming to an end, this fear had its basis – for the whole cheaper was propped up by all that had to do with the global conflict.
Fortunately, this was not the case. The victory relished by the nation brought about trust in the government and the economy. The common buyer best exhibited this trust as the strong buyer request spurred economic growth after the War.
Leading towards the 1950s, industries that experienced a surge in growth included the automobile industry and the housing industry, and new industries experienced breathtaking births – industries such as aviation and electronics.
There was also another outcome of Wwii that contributed to post War growth – the Cold War in the middle of U.S. And the U.S.S.R.
Many of the troops industries that sprouted during the war prolonged to do big company after it. As communist block emerged as a troops power in Europe, America had to arm itself against what it determined as a threat. Huge investments were made in the defense of the country. Such investments meant jobs, factories, huge spending – all contributed to the boom of the 1950s.
The economic success of the country probably influenced its leaders to advocate the replication of an open cheaper at the international level. This is best evidenced by the country’s spearheading the making ready of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
Gross Domestic goods and Per Capita Gdp
In 1950, the country’s Gdp was at 3.8 Billion (in current dollars). At that time, Per Capita Gdp was ,573.00 – production the United States the whole one country world wide in this aspect. By 1996, Gdp was at .194 Trillion. Per Capita Gdp was at ,800.00 – however, the country ranked only at 10th place world wide in this respect.
Post World War Ii scenario showed that too few economies survive the war while a great majority, especially in Europe, was greatly affected. Many developments beginning in the late 1970s toward the early 2000s enabled other countries to overtake the U.S. In terms of Per Capita Gdp.
As Per Capita Gdp is influenced by population, countries that had critical economic growth coupled with low birth rate were able to surpass the U.S. In this indicator. However, the U.S. Remains the most excellent cheaper in 2007 taking into notice other indicators.
Employment and Unemployment
In 1950, the civilian labor force was about 58 million strong. Only 5.3 percent of the labor force was unemployed. 41.6 million of the labor force at that time were males, while only 17.34 million were females. By 1996, the labor force grew to about 142 million while unemployment rate as at 5 percent. 76 million were males while 66 million were females in the labor force. In the 1950s, the whole of workers in the services sector caught up with workers in goods yield industries. The same time also saw the rise of white-collar jobs and the strengthening of labor unions. Awareness on labor proprietary was on a rise. The biggest impact experienced by the labor force was the growth in women’s participation in employment activities. Accordingly, women have well poured into the labor force beginning in 1950. By 1990, women’s participation in the labor force would nearly double. On the other hand, men’s participation would drop over time.
Per Capita Personal Income
In 1950 the Per Capita Personal revenue was pegged at ,501.00. By 2006 this rose to about ,600.00. Though marked by huge disagreement in amount, it can be noted that ,501.00 in 1950 could by more goods and services than the ,600 in 2006 as visible by the Cpi rates for both years.
Consumer Price Index and Inflation
With 1967 as base year, Cpi in 1950 was registered at 72.1 – meaning that a basket of goods and services bought in 1950 were 72.1 percent of the price of the same goods and services bought in 1967. By 2006, the Cpi was at 603.5. This meant that the same basket of goods and services bought in 1967 would cost 603.5 percent more in 2006. Inflation rate in 1950 was at a steady 1.09 percent. In 2006 the rate was at 3.24 percent.
1950 saw the emergence of new industries that were anchored on new technologies. Among these is the aerospace industry. The great success of the heavy bombers during the war emphasized importance on innovation. Improvements in engine design, metallurgy, and arms technology helped improve the industry as well as heighten manufacturing procedures.
The onset of the Cold War ensured that the industry was there to stay. At its peak, the industry hired hundreds of thousands of workers in four major factories. The industry was also fueled by a billion government spending.
Other industries that grew during this time were boosted by other industries. Take for instance the housing boom experienced after war. New homes meant additional furniture and appliances as well as new cars. The consumer-led growth likewise spread to other areas. The introduction of television to the masses spurred the growth in electronics.
There were also after effects in the growth of industries. As the request for homes and cars increased, many Americans were lured out of central cities to the suburbs. The building of better highways also contributed to these phenomena.
Farmers though were facing tough times. As habitancy left farm lands, lesser habitancy were left behind to do farm work. This led to a drop in the productivity of the farm sector.
Innovations and the Transformation of Business
At a personal level, 1950 saw the introduction of the first hand held T.V. Remote control – a gadget that would be seen as a necessity in many households for years to come. Color Tv also emerged through the issuance of a license to Cbs Network. another innovation is the introduction of the first credit card – Diners – also an item that would come across as a necessity in contemporary times.
The first pagers were also advanced in 1950.
In the company front, 1950 would usher in an era marked by consolidation of large companies. Businesses would couple to originate bigger, greater businesses. Example, International Telephone and Telegraph bought Sheraton Hotels, Continental Banking, Hartford Fire Insurance, Avis Rent-a-Car, and other companies.
Notable Events and Personalities
Notable events of 1950 included the following:
Start of the Korean War – influenced greatly by the U.S. And Ussr at opposite sides, North and South Korea would tangle in a three-year war that highlighted the tension during Cold War regime.
Development of the Hydrogen Bomb – raged by the atomic bomb testing by Ussr, the government pursued the amelioration of a hydrogen bomb.
Senator Joseph McCarthy – started the Red Scare in halls of the U.S. Senate – production accusations that the State group was filled with Communists or their sympathizers. The Senator’s actions led to the adoption of the term McCarthyism – describing intense anti-Communists sentiments.
This duration coincided with and fueled the onset of the Cold War in the middle of America and the Ussr. Thousands of Americans were accused of being Communists or sympathizers during this time – Americans in assorted sectors of the society. History would later judge these accusations as reckless and baseless. While Senator McCarthy gained critical media mileage at the start of his “campaigns,” he would be later unmasked as a grandstanding antic who had slight or no evidence to back up his accusations. Many of the habitancy Senator McCarthy accused suffered greatly. Many loss their jobs, had their careers ruined while some were even unjustly imprisoned.
The end of World War Ii led to the end of the Great Depression and the start of a long duration of economic expansion through the 1950s. It is quite ironical that the most destructive war in history would conduce to the emergence of the strongest and biggest cheaper in the world. The trust on the cheaper was obviously brought about by the country’s victory in the War. Tempered by strong collaboration in the middle of the government, businesses and the consumers, the U.S. Emerged from the War a lot stronger and economically strengthened. Commercial expansion during wartime brought economic impetus that would be carried on even after Wwii. The fact that most of the major economies were slow to recover from the after effects of the disagreement settled the United States at absolute and relative benefit over both its allies and its enemies.